A NIH Data Science published a report titled A Case Study in NIH Data Science: Open Data and Understanding the Value of Libraries and Information Services in the Patient Care Setting. In short, the NIH used other research studies to learn where and how clinicians reported using PubMed/MEDLINE as an information resource influencing clinical decision making.
Journals and PubMed/MEDLINE were the two resources most used by clinicians according to the NIH data analysis. In addition, the NIH discovered that when clinicians use a greater number of information resources, the probability of changes to patient care were higher and so is the prevention of negative events.
According to the NIH, the advantage of using research that is already available saves time, money, increases collaboration, and extends the life of the original work. This has direct implications for researchers and librarians, in particular. Leveraging information service skills is an important part of affecting patient care.
Who best to provide that service than a librarian?